Currently, the University of North Texas does not specifically mandate the depositing of data in public databases, but it has adopted an Open Access Policy that recognizes the University’s responsibility to the larger society and encourages faculty to make their work publicly available. Some federally-funded grant agencies do require "public access" to both published results and research data. See the specific funding agency requirements for more information.
All researchers are expected to be able to explain and defend their results. Doing so usually entails maintaining complete records of how data were collected. The manner in which one maintains such records and makes them available to others will vary from project to project, and may depend upon funder requirements. Good data management should include supporting documentation and metadata, as well as attention to file naming and data formats, security & privacy protocols, access control, and backup & preservation measures. For more information, see our Data Management libguide.
Not necessarily. The expectation is that all data will be made available after a reasonable length of time ( sometimes called an "embargo period"). However, what constitutes a reasonable length of time will be determined by the community of interest or the needs of the project, and may depend up on funder requirements. When you deposit your data into a data repository, you can review your options for setting access controls and embargo periods.
Data management planning is primarily about organizing, curating, and preserving research data throughout the course of its useful lifespan (or the "Data Life Cycle"). Open access publishing (making published articles or data freely available) is a separate issue that is not usually required for the data management plan itself. While some federally-funded grants do have a "public access" requirement for research results or data, it is important to carefully review those funder guidelines to determine what types of publications or repositories will meet that requirement.
That depends upon a number of factors: how long the data remains valid, how frequently new data is collected, how it is used, who all might want to make use of it, and what its historical value might be to future researchers. Each discipline or community of interest may set standards for how long research data should remain accessible. When depositing your data into a data repository, you can discuss with its administrators how long you'd like that data to remain accessible.
Yes, in many cases funding agencies require a data management plan, even if you don't expect to generate data. It is acceptable to state in the Data Management Plan that the project is not anticipated to generate data or samples that require management and/or sharing, but you should explain why this is the case. Keep in mind that there are a variety of types of data (beyond numerical datasets) that you might want to manage over the lifespan of the project.
The UNT Libraries do not charge researchers for archiving their research data. However, if a research project expects to produce more than 1 TB of data, plans to archive it in the UNT Data Repository, and applies for grant funding from an agency that will fund costs related to data management, we ask that you write into the grant a cost of $100 per TB per year for 5 years.
"Data" may include traditional numerical datasets in a variety of formats, but may also include text files, images, audio or video files, transcripts, field notes, and a variety of other forms of research documentation. See the "What is Data?" section of our Data Management libguide for more examples. Research data is typically distinguished from published results or articles when choosing an appropriate repository for your materials, but UNT Repository Services can link finished articles or reports to their appropriate data files in their respective repositories.