Element Name




The digital manifestation of the resource.


Where Can the Format Information be Found?

Format is determined by examining the item.


How Format Works in the Metadata Form


1. Format -- drop-down menu


Yes - also see more information about required fields


How Should the Format be Filled in?

Guideline Example
text - Text
  • Books, yearbooks, letters, newspapers, theses and dissertations, other text
text - Text
  • Artwork, posters, maps, photographs, scores
image - Image
  • For 'physical objects' format is 'Image'
image - Image
  • If none of the resource types fits, choose "Other"
other - Other


Other Examples

Format: text - Text

Architectural drawing
Format: image - Image

Transferware plate
Format: image - Image

Musical recording
Format: audio - Audio

U.S. Department of Agriculture bulletin
Format: text - Text

Format: image - Image



Glossary of Resource Types:

Resource Type Code Items
Audio audio Sound files
Image image Two-dimensional, graphic representations
Text text Written or printed documents
Video video Moving images
Website website Collection of webpages
Other other Any other items


  • For physical (as opposed to digital) nature, including size and duration of the original resource, use the Physical Description element.
  • For categorizing the primary content of the resource (to aid in searching) use the Resource Type element.
  • Format is important because choice of appropriate preservation strategies depends on knowing the structural type of the digital manifestation



More Guidelines: